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Sexuality Education

Sexuality Education (SEd) in schools is about enabling students to understand the physiological, social and emotional changes they experience as they mature, develop healthy and rewarding relationships including those with members of the opposite sex, and make wise, informed and responsible decisions on sexuality matters.
 
SEd is premised on the importance of the family as the basic unit of society. This means encouraging healthy, heterosexual marriages and sdiv nuclear family units with extended family support. The teaching and learning of SEd is based on respect for the values and beliefs of the different ethnic and religious communities in Singapore on sexuality issues.
 
Sexuality Education
 
The goals of Sexuality Education are to:
To help students make wise, responsible and informed decisions through the provision of accurate, current and age-appropriate knowledge on human sexuality and the consequences of sexual activity;

To help students know themselves and build healthy and rewarding relationships through the acquisition of social and emotional skills of self-awareness, management of their thoughts, feelings and behaviours, development of empathy for others, possession of effective communication, problem-solving and decision-making skills; and

To help students develop a moral compass, respect for themselves and for others as sexual beings, premised on the family formed from a healthy, heterosexual marriage as the basic unit of society, through the inculcation of positive mainstream values and attitudes about sexuality.

OVERVIEW  OF COMMONWEALTH SECONDARY SCHOOL'S SEXUALITY EDUCATION

Sexuality Education is delivered in a holistic manner through the school curriculum. The content for Sexuality Education is grouped into five main themes: Human Development, Interpersonal Relationships, Sexual Health, Sexual Behaviour, and, Culture, Society and Law. You may click here for more information on the scope of Sexuality Education in the school curriculum. 

The subjects that incorporate topics on sexuality include:

The values and attitudes of our youth towards sexuality are increasingly shaped by their peers, exposure to the media, popular culture and the internet. Adolescence is a complex stage in life as the adolescent attempts to find his/her own identity and often struggles with new social relationships. The period of middle adolescence (generally from 15 – 17 years old) can be a turbulent period for adolescents. The gap between physical and emotional/cognitive maturity may result in a tendency to act on impulse, experiment with various activities (including sexual activities), sometimes without understanding the unpleasant consequences that may arise from such experimentation. The need for peer acceptance can be overwhelmingly strong, and hinder one’s ability to act responsibly. Given the pressures faced by the middle adolescent from within themselves and from peers, it is important to build a sdivong sense of self-worth, personal conviction and an understanding of the possible consequences of sexual behaviour. 

Through “The Teenage Years” and “Sense & Sexuality” packages, secondary students will have the opportunity to develop a positive self-esteem, develop their character, and expand their understanding and repertoire of skills to deal with various issues related to sexuality, which are of prime concern at this age. 

At Commonwealth Secondary School, the following lessons from the Growing Years Programme will be taught in 2019: 

SECONDARY 1
Unit Lesson/ Duration 
Lesson Objective

Time Period: (60mins)

The Real Self  
(Part 1)

At the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to:  
  • know how one’s perception of his body is linked to personal experiences and the sources of information that are taken in 
  • recognise that one’s self-perception is influenced by his perception of his body 
  • know strategies to develop healthy/positive perception of one’s body. 

Term 2, Week 7
Lessons about Love (Part 1)  
(60mins)
•    recognise the importance of cultivating friendships with members of the same and opposite sex 
•    recognise what constitutes healthy and unhealthy relationships 
•    recognise the influence of peers on oneself and one’s value system 
•    distinguish between various types of love 
•    know that the underlying value for healthy relationships is respect

Term 2 Week 8 
(60 mins)  

•   recognise the importance of developing a friendship before committing to a romantic relationship 
•    recognise what dating involves 
•    know the different levels of physical intimacy in a relationship 
•   know that certain public displays of affection are not considered appropriate behaviour in our society 
•  recognise that it is important to seek their family’s views, beliefs and expectations with regard to dating and romantic relationships in teenage years 

Term 2 Week 9
"Familiar" 
Strangers Alert 
(Part 1)     
(60 mins)  
•  reflect on the reasons for people to use social networking sites to make friends or to engage their existing friends 
• know the usefulness and dangers of making friends over social networking platforms 
•  recognise that the media can influence the way people think, feel and behave 
•  identify ways to protect themselves from negative influences from the media 

Term 3 Week 2
5 - Part 1 (30 mins) 
•   know the physiological, psychological and social impact of sexual abuse on the individual 
•   recognise the provision of Singapore laws that serves to protect teenagers from sexual perpetrators and persecute those who have committed such crimes 
•    identify sources to seek help and support 

Term 3 Week 4
5 - Part 2 (30 mins) 
•    Students are to work on the main task in groups of 4 or 5
•  Groups will describe how the media can influence relationships (with self, peers, and the opposite sex) 
•   Groups can choose to present this in the form of a song, short 1-min video, rap, poster or any other preferred mode                 
•    To assess learning, teachers may want students to submit a short write up to describe their work or a personal reflection after the main task. 

SECONDARY 2
Lessons about Love (Part 2)     
(60mins)
•    identify why relationships break down 
•    identify the emotions that accompany the breakdown of a relationship 
•    know healthy ways of coping with rejections and breakups 
•    recognise the need to be respectful and responsible in ending a relationship 
•   know ways to seek support when going through a breakdown of relationship and offer support for those going through the same 

Term 1, Week 6 & 7 (60 mins) Week 8 Part 1 (30 mins)
•   recognise the sources of temptation and situations that lead to pre-marital sex 
•   resist pressure to engage in sexual activities 
•   know the consequences of engaging in pre-marital sex 
•  recognise that respect and responsible decision making are important in relationships 
•    recognise the value of sexual abstinence 
•  identify sources to seek help and support when faced with teenage pregnancy

Term 1 Week 7 - Part 2 
Main Task (30 mins)  
Description of the Main Task: 
•    In groups, students will choose 1 out of 3 given scenarios.
•    Through the chosen scenario, students will share:
          - the consequences of pre- marital sex
          - the value of abstinence before marriage
          - skills to say 'no' to temptations or pressure to have sex
•    Depending on the scenario chosen, groups can present the above through a short skit / presentation, song lyrics/ poem, or a comic strip / poster, or other preferred modes 
•    At the end of all the presentations, students are to assess and reflect upon their own learning using a reflection form 

Term 1 Week 8
 At the Crossroads 
(Part 1) (60 mins) 
•    describe what pornography is, and why people view pornographic materials
•    examine the effects of pornography on self and others 
•    know what masturbation is, and its relation to pornography 
•    recognise the harmful consequences of excessive masturbation 
•   recognise that they are able to make responsible decisions to manage their sexual desires
•    know appropriate sources to obtain accurate information about sex 

Term 2 Week 4
(60 mins)
•   know/define what gender role is                 
•   know the influence of family, culture and society on one’s perception of his/her gender role 
•   appreciate/ affirm one’s own unique qualities and characteristics as a male or female. 
•   know/define what sexual orientation (heterosexuality and homosexuality) is     
•  recognise the need to treat people with respect regardless of their sexual orientation 

UPPER SECONDARY

Sec 3
Lesson 1:
Getting to Know you... (60 min)
recognise what constitutes responsible dating
evaluate if a dating relationship is healthy or unhealthy
•    demonstrate competencies in managing emotions in dating and romantic relationship

Lesson 2:
The dating game (60 min)
recognise differences in perspectives of dating and romantic relationships
evaluate one’s readiness for romantic relationships
recognise challenges that occur in the context of a relationship
examine how our response to emotions can affect relationships positively or negatively

Lesson 3
Mean What You Say and Say What You Mean (60 min)
•    recognise the different levels of physical intimacy in a relationship
•  know the progressive nature of actions that lead to sexual arousal and intercourse
•   recognise that one may unintentionally invite sexual intimacy through one’s verbal and
•    non-verbal behaviour

Lesson 4
Publicly Private Matters of the Heart (60 min)
•    evaluate the norms of acceptability for public display of affection
•   recognise how new media has shaped public perception of acceptability of public display of affection
•   identify the sdivengths and limitations of new media in allowing people to develop serious relationships
•    recognise how new media has influenced relationship building both positively and negatively
•    appreciate the value of face-to-face relationships

Lesson 5: Beauty Or the Beast
(60 min)
•    recognise the importance of having healthy self-esteem that is not affected by external influences
•   demonstrate strategies to identify and evaluate sources that contribute towards healthy self-esteem
•   recognise the importance of self-esteem in building friendships and healthy relationships

Sec 4
Lesson 1: Moving On Beyond the Breakup (60 min)
•  explain the process of grief and loss that people experience when a relationship breaks down
•    exercise sensitivity and empathy when communicating breakups
•    recognise that one can emerge sdivonger after a breakup

Lesson 2: In the Name of the Law (60 min)
•  know what is considered pornographic material on the Internet under the Internet code of practice
•  reflect on the legal consequences of sexual behaviour and include these considerations
•    in their decision-making pertaining to pornography
 
Lesson 3: Must It Be As Expected?(60 min)
• distinguish between biologically-based and socially-conditioned gender characteristics
•    evaluate views towards self and others, with regard to gender differences and stereotypes

Lesson 4: Happily Ever After? (60 min)
•  recognise that commitment is a necessary ingredient for success in a marriage
•  identify responsibilities involved and the challenges faced in marriages

Lesson 5: Main Task (60 min)
•  participate in either a mock game show or a debate. Through their involvement in the mock game show or debate, students will reflect their understanding of rejections and broken relationships, pornography, gender identity and marriage, cohabitation and divorce.

Sec 5
Lesson 1: Love Conquers All? (60 min)
•    reflect on the qualities of a healthy romantic relationship
•  evaluate one’s readiness for a romantic relationship, leading to marriage
•  recognise that intimacy in a relationship need not be limited to physical intimacy
•   recognise that breakups can allow one to understand oneself better                
Lesson 2: Main Task (60 min)
• surface the values that they deem important with regard to relationships
•   appreciate that supportive and enduring relationships among friends and families enrich one’s life.

eTeens Programme


eTeens is a programme developed by Health Promotion Board, in collaboration with the Minisdivy of Education, for Secondary 3 students. The programme was indivoduced to secondary schools in 2007 as the Breaking Down Barriers (BDB) programme, to provide students with accurate information on STIs, HIV and protection from a health perspective. eTeens is conducted in two segments – a mass talk segment and a classroom-based programme. 

Students are taught skills such as decision-making, assertiveness and negotiation to say “no” to sex and negative peer pressure. They also learn that the impact of STIs/HIV extends beyond themselves and involves their family. Abstinence and upholding family values are the key messages. The desired outcome of the eTeens programme is that students are empowered to make wise, informed and sensible decisions. 

At Commonwealth Secondary School, the eTeens programme will be implemented as follows:
 
Mass Talk by HPB Appointed Vendor
  • Awareness of the different STIs and HIV/AIDS 
  • Modes of divansmission
  • Modes of protection, specifically on how the condom is used
  • Consequences and impact of STIs/ HIV

Term 3 Week 10 
Classroom-based
Lesson 1: Decision-Making 
  • Understand there are consequences in any decision one makes regarding sexual intercourse 
  • Realise that decision-making is a process that can be learnt
  • understand that one needs correct and accurate information to make the right decisions regarding one's sexual health
  • Learn to make decisions that will reduce the risk to their sexual health

Classroom-based Lesson 2: Assertiveness
  • Understand what assertive behaviour is
  • Practise responding to persuasion assertively

Classroom-based Lesson 3: Negotiation 
Practise negotiating one's way out of a negative situation by applying skills learnt from Lesson 2
Learn risk reduction for STIs/ Hiv and assess situation to aid the control of impulses in sexual behaviour



INFORMATION FOR PARENTS

Parents may opt their children out of Growing Years, eTeens and/or sexuality education programmes by external providers.

Parents who wish to opt their children out of the Growing Years (GY) programme need to complete an opt-out form. This form will be distributed to parents at the start of the year and is also available here. 

2020 General SEd Opt Out form for Parents.pdf 

Parents who wish to opt their children out of the eTeens programme need to complete an opt-out form. This form will be distributed to parents at the start of the year and is also downloadable here. 

2020 General eTeens Opt Out form for Parents.pdf 

Parents can email the school at hong.xiaowei@commonwealthsec.moe.edu.sg for discussion or to seek clarification about the school’s sexuality education programme.

Parents, who wish to attend the school sexuality education programmes, should also contact the school to make the necessary arrangements.

TALKS AND WORKSHOPS CONDUCTED BY EXTERNAL PROVIDERS

Name of External Provider
Heath Promotion Board

Programme Title
eTeens Mass Talk

Synopsis
eTeens (or Empowered Teens) is a school-based STI (Sexually Transmitted Infections) / AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) education programme developed by the Health Promotion Board in collaboration with the Ministry of Education for all Secondary 3 students.

The programme provides students with accurate information on STIs, HIV and protection from a health perspective. Abstinence and upholding family values are the key messages.

All secondary schools are to implement the eTeens programme targeted at all Secondary 3 students annually. It consists of a mass talk segment and 3 classroom-based lessons. The mass talk will be conducted by speakers provided by HPB. The classroom-based lessons are to be implemented by MOE-trained Sexuality Education teachers of your school. Resources provided by HPB in collaboration with MOE are to be used for the classroom-based lessons.

Learning Objectives
The mass talk raises awareness and knowledge about the following:

  • awareness of the different sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV/AIDS;
  • modes of transmission for STIs and HIV/AIDS;
  • modes of protection against infection, specifically abstinence and the correct use of condoms;
  • skills for decision-making, assertiveness, negotiation to say “no” to peer pressure to have pre-marital sex; and
  • consequences and impact of STIs/HIV.


Date of Programme
Term 3, Week 10

Target Level(s)
Secondary 3 students

Format of Programme
This is a 50-minute assembly talk with a slide and video presentation. Pupils may be involved in short quizzes during the presentation.

Resources for Parents (if applicable)
Not Applicable.

Opt-out Form for Parents
Parents who wish to opt-out from this assembly talk need to complete the opt-out form. This form will be distributed to parents before the talk and is also downloadable here

ETEENS

AIMS OF ETEENS
The Empowered Teens (eTeens) programme aims to provide students with accurate information to help them make good decisions in their life choices. It raises awareness and knowledge about the following:

  • awareness of the different sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV/AIDS;
  • modes of transmission for STIs and HIV/AIDS;
  • modes of protection against infection, specifically abstinence and the correct use of condoms;
  • skills for decision-making, assertiveness, negotiation to say “no” to peer pressure to have pre-marital sex; and
  • consequences and impact of STIs/HIV.


FORMAT OF PROGRAMME
The eTeens programme comprises two components: a mass talk segment and a classroom-based programme:

  • The mass talk segment is conducted by a facilitator engaged by the Health Promotion Board (HPB) from an approved panel. The presentation follows an approved facilitation guide.
  • The duration of the mass talk is about 45 minutes. It includes a multi- media presentation, video screening as well as facilitation of key learning points.
  • The classroom-based programme for Secondary schools comprises 3 lessons which teach decision-making, negotiation and assertiveness skills. The suggested time for each lesson is about 40 minutes. The classroom-based programme for JC/CI 1 students is a 1-hour lesson, which teaches students the financial, physical and psychological impacts of STI/HIV infection on self and family.
  • Training for teachers to conduct the classroom-based programme is provided for by MOE and HPB.